New! 2022 State of Shipping Report

Shipping Glossary

Below is a list of common shipping terms, abbreviations, and acronyms you may encounter while working with X Delivery.

  • WMS: Warehouse Management System
  • OMS:  Order Management System
  • IMS: Inventory Management System
  • TMS: Transportation Management System
  • EDI: Electronic Data Interchange (commonly comes up in conversations selling through different marketplaces); also used in billing feeds
  • 3PL: Third-party Logistics (fulfillment)
  • FAK: freight of all kinds
  • TinT: Time in transit
  • FIFO: First in first out
  • LTL: Less than truckload (freight)
  • FTL: Full truckload (freight)
  • FCL: Full container load
  • LCL: Less than container load
  • Parcel: Generally, packages under <150 lbs
  • SKU: Stock Keeping Unit
  • BOL: Bill of lading, issued to confirm receipt of cargo for shipment
  • DOT: Department of Transportation – we usually reference this for dangerous good certified training courses. They regulate all road surface movements
  • FAA: The Federal Aviation Authority regulates all air movements in the US, including dangerous goods. The IATA (international Air Transport Association) regulates the transport of dangerous goods internationally.
  • Manifest: an advance notice/checklist of the packages that a driver or carrier agent will pick up from a shipper’s premises.
  • Dimensional Weight: A pricing technique for carriers to better reflect the cost of carrying bigger packages, regardless of their weight. Example: A giant box of feathers may weigh 1 lb, but take up 1/3 of a truck. Dimensional weight is used to more accurately assess the cost to the carrier of taking on the shipment. Dim weight is determined by a dim divisor. This is calculated as LxWxH, then divided by a divisor (usually 166).
  • Drop Shipping: A retail fulfillment method where a store does not keep the products it sells in stock. Instead, when a sale comes through, the store purchases the item from a third party and has it shipped directly from the third party to the customer (so that the store in question never holds inventory).

Complete the form below to start shipping with X Delivery